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世界生物质能协会(WBA):2016全球生物能源统计报告 Global Bioenergy Statistics 2016

世界生物质能协会(WBA):2016全球生物能源统计报告 Global Bioenergy Statistics 2016

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媒体中心
2017/07/28 09:42
【摘要】:
世界生物质能协会很荣幸地推出第三版全球能源统计报告。报告显示,生物质能源在稳步增长。TheWorldBioenergyAssociation(WBA)ispleasedtopublishthe3rdGlobalBioenergyStatisticsreport.Thereportshowsthatbioenergyisgrowingatasteadypace.在2013年,全球生物质供应增加到57
世界生物质能协会很荣幸地推出第三版全球能源统计报告。报告显示,生物质能源在稳步增长。

The World Bioenergy Association (WBA) is pleased to publish the 3rd Global Bioenergy Statistics report. The report shows that bioenergy is growing at a steady pace.


在2013年,全球生物质供应增加到57.7 EJ,占全球能源供应的10%。在能源消费方面,生物质能源的使用增加了1.23 EJ。在过去的一年里略增加了0.05%。在生物质能源在终端能源占的份额为13.9%。
In the year 2013, global biomass supply increased to 57.7 EJ accounting for 10% of the global energy supply. In terms of final energy consumption, the bioenergy use increased by 1.23 EJ – a modest increase of 0.05% over the past year. The share of bioenergy in final energy was 13.9%.

可再生能源的份额稳定在18.3%,缓慢的增长速度令人不安。可再生能源电力的贡献率为22%。占最高份额为是可再生能源直接供热,为28%,而间接供热只有7%。在运输行业,可再生能源在2013年的贡献仅为2.5%。
The share of renewables was steady at 18.3% and the slow pace of growth is unsettling. Renewables contribution in electricity was 22%. The highest renewable share was in direct heat at 28% while in derived heat, only 7%. In the transportation sector, renewables contributed only 2.5% in 2013.

生物质能源是第三大可再生能源发电来源。在直接供热,间接供热和交通运输等行业,生物质能源是最大的可再生能源。
Bioenergy is the third largest renewable electricity generating source. In other sectors of direct heat, derived heat and transport sector, bioenergy was the largest renewable energy source. 
生物质供应分为农业、林业和废弃物行业。自2000年以来,全球农业面积减少了0.53%。提高产量对粮食和燃料的生产至关重要。全球增加玉米、水稻小麦的产量,就能减少5.7亿公顷用地需求。如果这些作物在非洲的平均产量是相当于全球平均水平的话,用地需求可能会减少一半。
Biomass supply is classified into agriculture, forestry and waste sector. Global agriculture area decreased by 0.53% since 2000. Increasing yields is crucial for both food and fuel production. Increasing global yields for maize, rice and wheat reduced land demand by 570 million ha. If average yields of these crops in Africa was the same as the global average, the demand for land could be reduced by half. 
 
农业废弃物发电潜力为17 EJ-128 EJ。
Agriculture residues have a potential of generating 17 EJ to 128 EJ.
 
林业是生物质最大的供应商。自2000年以来,全球森林面积减少了1.23%。欧盟28个国家森林面积增加了3.62%。薪柴和木炭贡献率为68%,占10%总生物质供应。
Forestry is the largest supplier of biomass. Forestry area globally reduced by 1.23% since 2000. EU – 28 countries increased their forestry area by 3.62%. Fuelwood and charcoal contributed 68% and 10% to the total biomass supply.

森林废弃物发电潜力为4.6 EJ -7.6 EJ。

Forest residues have a potential of generating 4.6 EJ to 7.6 EJ.

 

2013

2013年废弃物能源达1.3 EJ - 主要在欧洲。然而,缺少全球废弃物发电的数据。
Waste generated 1.3 EJ of energy in year 2013 – predominantly in Europe. However, there is significant lack of updated data on global waste generation.

2013年,生物质发电达462 TWh - 比前一年增长了6%。亚洲是生物质发电增长最快的地区。在2000-2013年期间,中国和印度发电提高显著提高。
In 2013, 462 TWh of bioelectricity was generated – a 6% increase over previous year. Asia is the fastest growing region for bioelectricity generation. During 2000 – 2013, China and India increased their generation by 20 and 17 times respectively.
 
2013年,全球产生的直接供热达0.9 EJ。77%的发电在欧洲。瑞典是最大生物质供热生产商。
In 2013, 0.9 EJ of derived heat was generated globally. 77% of all generation was in Europe. Sweden is the largest producer of derived heat from biomass.

2013年,生物质直接供热达48.5 EJ。几乎有一半是在亚洲。

 In 2013, 48.5 EJ of direct bioheat was generated. Almost half of it was generated in Asia.

 

2015

2015年,生产了1330亿升生物燃料。所有生物燃料生产的62%是乙醇形式,24%的生物柴油和其他先进的生物燃料。87%的生物乙醇产自美洲-美国和巴西。欧洲生产占所有生物柴油产量的43%。
In 2015, 133 billion litres of biofuels were produced. 62% of all biofuel produced was in the form of bioethanol, 24% as biodiesel and the rest as advanced biofuels. 87% of all bioethanol produced was in Americas – USA and Brazil. Europe produced 43% of all biodiesel production.

考虑了一些特殊的生物质能源行业。在2013年,产生590亿立方米沼气 - 45%来自欧盟28个国家。在2014年,颗粒生产增加至2640万吨。木炭是常常被低估行业。 2014年全球产量为5200万吨 - 比颗粒高达两倍。
Some special bioenergy sectors were considered. In 2013, 59 billion m3 of biogas was produced – 45% coming from EU 28 countries. The pellet production increased to 26.4 million tonnes in 2014. Charcoal is an often underestimated sector. Global production in 2014 was 52 million tonnes – twice as much as pellets. 

可再生能源行业中产生了810万个工作岗位。其中生物质能源占370万。
8.1 million jobs were generated in the renewable energy industry. Bioenergy employed 3.7 million. 

生物质能源稳步增长。颗粒和生物燃料行业正快速增长。瑞典和芬兰国家林业可持续的做法被世界的其他地方效仿。利用农林废弃物能源发电的潜力巨大。仍严重缺少最新可靠的生物质能源数据。
Bioenergy is growing at a steady pace. There is rapid growth in pellets and biofuels sector. Sustainable forestry practices in countries like Sweden and Finland have to be replicated in other parts of the world. There is a lot of potential of using agricultural and forestry residues for energy generation. There is still a significant lack of updated and reliable data for bioenergy.
 
未来生物能源将继续是全球能源结构主要的贡献者,也是发展可持续社会的关键。

Bioenergy will continue to be a major contributor to the global energy mix and part of the solution for a future sustainable society.