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世界生物质能协会(WBA):2016全球生物能源统计报告 Global Bioenergy Statistics 2016

世界生物质能协会(WBA):2016全球生物能源统计报告 Global Bioenergy Statistics 2016

分类:
媒体中心
2017/07/28 09:42
【摘要】:
世界生物质能协会很荣幸地推出第三版全球能源统计报告。报告显示,生物质能源在稳步增长。 TheWorldBioenergyAssociation(WBA)ispleasedtopublishthe3rdGlobalBioenergyStatisticsreport.Thereportshowsthatbioenergyisgrowingatasteadypace.  在2013年,全球生物质供应增加
世界生物质能协会很荣幸地推出第三版全球能源统计报告。报告显示,生物质能源在稳步增长。
 
The World Bioenergy Association (WBA) is pleased to publish the 3rd Global Bioenergy Statistics report. The report shows that bioenergy is growing at a steady pace.
 
 
在2013年,全球生物质供应增加到57.7 EJ,占全球能源供应的10%。在能源消费方面,生物质能源的使用增加了1.23 EJ。在过去的一年里略增加了0.05%。在生物质能源在终端能源占的份额为13.9%。
In the year 2013, global biomass supply increased to 57.7 EJ accounting for 10% of the global energy supply. In terms of final energy consumption, the bioenergy use increased by 1.23 EJ – a modest increase of 0.05% over the past year. The share of bioenergy in final energy was 13.9%.
 
可再生能源的份额稳定在18.3%,缓慢的增长速度令人不安。可再生能源电力的贡献率为22%。占最高份额为是可再生能源直接供热,为28%,而间接供热只有7%。在运输行业,可再生能源在2013年的贡献仅为2.5%。
The share of renewables was steady at 18.3% and the slow pace of growth is unsettling. Renewables contribution in electricity was 22%. The highest renewable share was in direct heat at 28% while in derived heat, only 7%. In the transportation sector, renewables contributed only 2.5% in 2013.
 
生物质能源是第三大可再生能源发电来源。在直接供热,间接供热和交通运输等行业,生物质能源是最大的可再生能源。
Bioenergy is the third largest renewable electricity generating source. In other sectors of direct heat, derived heat and transport sector, bioenergy was the largest renewable energy source. 
 
生物质供应分为农业、林业和废弃物行业。自2000年以来,全球农业面积减少了0.53%。提高产量对粮食和燃料的生产至关重要。全球增加玉米、水稻小麦的产量,就能减少5.7亿公顷用地需求。如果这些作物在非洲的平均产量是相当于全球平均水平的话,用地需求可能会减少一半。
Biomass supply is classified into agriculture, forestry and waste sector. Global agriculture area decreased by 0.53% since 2000. Increasing yields is crucial for both food and fuel production. Increasing global yields for maize, rice and wheat reduced land demand by 570 million ha. If average yields of these crops in Africa was the same as the global average, the demand for land could be reduced by half. 
 
农业废弃物发电潜力为17 EJ-128 EJ。
Agriculture residues have a potential of generating 17 EJ to 128 EJ.
 
林业是生物质最大的供应商。自2000年以来,全球森林面积减少了1.23%。欧盟28个国家森林面积增加了3.62%。薪柴和木炭贡献率为68%,占10%总生物质供应。
Forestry is the largest supplier of biomass. Forestry area globally reduced by 1.23% since 2000. EU – 28 countries increased their forestry area by 3.62%. Fuelwood and charcoal contributed 68% and 10% to the total biomass supply.
 
森林废弃物发电潜力为4.6 EJ -7.6 EJ。